Training and Development is a fundamental function of the Human Resources department. It usually falls under HRM and is concerned with those activities and actions focused on improving the performance of individuals and groups within the organization. This field is called by several names, such as human resource development, employee development, and learning and development.
“Training” refers to a process where employees are systematically instructed and taught a wide variety of specific knowledge in relation to their jobs. This usually includes technical knowledge, which allows an employee to be better at their job. Training helps workers perform tasks with higher efficiency.
“Development” refers to holistic improvement and educational growth. It usually involves honing managerial skills in an employee. Development can include teaching skills and improving personality or linguistics. The development process includes a focus on attitudes, insights, leadership, adaptability, and human relations.
The training and development unit’s foremost objective is to ensure there is constant availability of willing and skilled labor within an organization. It doesn’t matter whether an employee is a new recruit, recently promoted, or somebody working in the same position – T&D can be useful for everyone.
These are a few other primary objectives of Training and Development:
In today’s competitive world, a company’s biggest challenge is staying ahead of its direct competitors. It can be a tedious task to develop a competitive advantage since it involves implementing various strategies across different departments. However, this is imperative if an organization wants to stand out from the crowd.
Training and Development play a major role in making a tangible difference to organizational competitive advantage. It ensures that employees are constantly upgraded in terms of the knowledge base, skills, and attitude to progress at the same pace as the company. The organization automatically attains a more valuable workforce that can make attainable goals a reality.
If an organization already has a plan to gain the upper hand in the industry, dedicated Training and Development can help make the workforce more knowledgeable or stronger.
Certain necessary requirements need to be part of every Training and Development program.
These are just a few:
Employee training benefits can be better explained as:
There are a series of steps involved in any Training and Development process. These are required to be followed systematically in order to create an efficient and results-oriented program. The typical training process includes the following steps:
E-Learning refers to the method of employing digital or online means to teach an educational course in an organizational setting. These courses can vary in their techniques – presentations, audio-visual recordings, discussion groups, games, and others.
The primary advantage of this mode of learning over conventional Training and Development methods is that it helps in saving manpower, resources, time, and money. It also eliminates the barriers to distance. Remote workers or those not positioned at company HQ can participate in. They can receive training in a similarly consistent and structured manner to improve their skills. E-Learning programs also help those with busy schedules.