Recruitment

Process of Recruitment

Recruitment is a core process of the HR department. It involves everything from identifying and attracting candidates to screening, shortlisting, and interviewing them. It also involves selection, hiring, and the onboarding process. The efficient recruitment process can be based on an organization-specific sourcing model to match the right candidates with the right job postings.

Typically, all-inclusive recruitment processes have 7 key phases. However, these may depend on the organization and its scale of operations. Interrelated steps in the recruitment lifecycle include the following:

  • Identifying the hiring needs
  • Preparing the job description
  • Talent search
  • Screening and shortlisting
  • Interviewing
  • Evaluation and offer of employment
  • Introduction and induction of the new employee

HRSourcing

The recruitment process begins with sourcing which involves identifying the right talent pool and attracting potential candidates before motivating them to apply. There are two broad recruitment sources that can be tapped for searching talent.

  • Employee Referral
  • Social Network Referral
  1. Employee Referral

This is a type of internal recruitment method. It involves a structured program used by companies and organizations to locate talented human resources by asking their employees for recommendations. Employees can refer candidates from their existing networks for suitable job positions.

This form of sourcing is believed to be a productive recruiting strategy. Statistics and various studies have proven that using current employees to hire new ones provides various benefits, such as shortest hiring time, affordable hire, and low turnover.

  1. Social Network Referral

Social networking sites are among the best places to find talented and qualified potential recruits. The majority of recruiters have already opened up to this talent pool that has a combined user base of 535 million. Facebook, LinkedIn, and Twitter offer Is he using STERLING and just copying their stuff?  This is weird.  That is plagiarism and we could get sued for this. I hope he isn’t doing this. hiring opportunities when looking for skilled and efficient candidates.

Recruiters can improve their access to more candidates by using smart programs that increase the effectiveness and scope of referral programs. There are several automated smart matching processes that help in searching for targeted potential candidates.

Screening and Selection

A recent recruitment survey revealed that 52% of recruiters feel the most challenging part of hiring was identifying the right job applicants from a large pool, while 46% confirmed they struggle to attract qualified talent. It is imperative to screen and shortlist applicants accurately and efficiently to move forward with the recruitment process.

Screening and selection get more difficult when it comes to disabled candidates. However, diversity is vital for a responsible and successful organization.

  1. Disabled Candidates

There are over a billion disabled people worldwide. A significant portion of this group has employable talent and skills. This is too large a pool for recruiters to ignore. There has been a visible increase in the number of organizations that have realized this in the last decade. Different companies have incorporated various programs at all levels to make their workplace more accessible for people with disabilities.

For instance, Accenture has the Sin Barreras program for accepting disabled job applicants in their company. Microsoft has a special hiring program designed exclusively for those with autism. Employers can make disabled selection and screen easy by using various talent assessment software.

  1. Diversity

The recruiting trend of the future is to hire a more diverse candidate pool. Innovation and growth are expected to be brewed by hiring a varied concoction of skillsets for multiple perspectives within an organization. The case for organizational D&I initiatives is geared towards attaining real progress in today’s increasingly diverse world.

However, creating a diverse workplace culture that welcomes talent from all sectors and fosters a real sense of belonging cannot happen by relying solely on isolated recruitment initiatives. It needs to be a company-wide effort. Diversity recruitment initiative is a three-part cycle and involves both talent management and acquisition.

Recruitment Process Outsourcing

Recruitment Process Outsourcing (RPO) refers to a situation wherein an organization transfers a part of or the entire permanent recruitment process to external providers. The RPO provider acts as an extension of the resourcing function or HR department. They may or may not function on-site. However, they are responsible for providing a holistic recruitment solution.

RPO providers can deliver the required technology, staff, and methodologies to fulfill an organization’s hiring requirements successfully. It’s paramount to understand that RPO providers are different from traditional recruitment firms. Unlike traditional recruitment providers, RPOs are more accountable and responsible. They take charge of the execution of the hiring process. Their call of duty goes beyond basic selection and hiring.

These are a few services that RPO providers may offer:

  • Workforce planning
  • Pre-employment screening
  • Strategic sourcing
  • Compliance and risk management
  • Talent engagement
  • Candidate management
  • Hiring manager engagement
  • Vendor partnering
  • Recruitment analytics support
  • Employer brand consultation
  • Supply chain management
  • Early careers/graduate recruitment

In essence, RPO providers act as the HR department without essentially being a part of the organization. They are expected to understand the company culture and value system before recruiting for a specific position.

Approaches

There have been widespread advancements in the recruitment process with the advent of technology. Hiring has evolved rapidly in recent years in the present information age. There are basically two broad approaches to recruitment – internal and external.

Internal recruitment refers to looking for candidates within an organization. It may involve employee referral wherein a current employee recommends potential candidates from their network. Other sources for internal recruitment include:

  • Transfers (vertical or horizontal)
  • Promotions
  • Internal advertisement
  • Shifting freelancers or part-timers to full-time employees
  • Recruiting retired employees as consultants or freelancers
  • Employee referrals

The second approach to recruitment involves hiring candidates from outside the organizational network. External recruitment methods include:

  • Social media hiring
  • Walk-ins
  • Web advertising
  • Print advertising

Multi-Tier Recruitment Model

It is common for companies with a high recruitment volume to employ a multi-tier recruitment model. These different sub-functions are placed together to achieve greater efficiency.

A common three-tier recruitment model will look something like:

  • Tier 1 – This can be the help or contact desk. Potential candidates may use this as the first point of contact to ask their questions. It is highly possible for a resolution to take place at this level.
  • Tier 2 – Administration is the second tier wherein all administration related processes are taken care of. In organizational vernacular, this is also referred to as back-end processes.
  • Tier 3 – Process tier will manage the recruitment process and decide how requests have to be fulfilled.